Clauss Cutlery Company

in Company

1877 - 1918

The two brothers John and Henrie Clauss, of German origin, started Elyria Shear Works from a one-room building in Elyria, Ohio. Together with five employees, they began manufacturing scissors, shears, straight razors and serrated kitchen knives.

In the early 1880s, with his shear business prospering, John Clauss planned a major expansion. In 1877, he moved the company to Fremont, Ohio to be near an accessible, abundant supply of natural gas which had recently been discovered. The gas was ideally suited to fuel the furnaces for the company forges and foundry. Clauss erected a two stories high plant at the corner of Ohio Avenue and Pine Street. Within one year, the company was producing 3,000 pairs of shears and scissors a day.

Three years later, disaster struck as the plant was completely destroyed by fire, causing 125 employees to lose their jobs. However, in less than four months, Clauss built a new plant and was back in full operation. The new four story brick building at the corner of State Street and Sandusky Avenue was the largest shear works in the world at that moment. Clauss also used this opportunity to change the company name to Clauss Shear Company.

1919 - 1945

In 1919, Clauss Shear merged with Henkel Company, also from Fremont, Ohio, to create Henkel-Clauss Company. Henkel Company was founded in 1906 to manufacture manicure and pedicure implements, files, knives, shears and razors. The Henkel-Clauss merger created a company with over 1,000 employees and had the largest payroll in the United States at that time. John Clauss didn live long to enjoy that success as he died later that same year.

In the early 1920s the cutlery business faced a serious setback as Germany was permitted to export shears and scissors duty free to the United States. The idea behind this was to help Germany pay back its World War I debts. As a consequence, German shears were sold at half the price of American made shears. Despite the fierce German competition, Fremont counted twenty-five cutlery businesses and was rightfully known as the "Cutlery Center of the World".

1946 - 1966

After World War II, Clauss was unable to compete with European firms producing household scissors and other simple products because wages were much lower in Europe. So the company had no other choice than to shift its focus to industrial scissors. Unfortunately, Clauss continued to struggle as much of its sales were to industries in decline or to businesses where automation was reducing the need for scissors.

In 1954 the corporate name was changed to Clauss Cutlery Company to eliminate the confusion with the German cutlery firm J.A. Henckels.

1967 - 2004

In 1967 Clauss was taken over by Alco Standard Corporation. Alco Standard, which later became Alco Industries Inc., integrated Clauss into its existing structure to manufacture tools for industrial niche markets. For instance, Clauss made surgical scissors for eye operations, heavy duty metal cutting shears, poultry shears for gutting chickens and specialty items such as anti-acid, anti-magnetic tweezers for the electronics industry.

Clauss had approximately 100 employees and produced about $18 million in annual revenues in the late 1980s, but profits continued to decline. In May 2004, Acme United Corporation acquired the Clauss inventory, trademarks and brand names for approximately $500,000.

2004 - Present

The Clauss business was immediately integrated into Acme United's existing operations. Since then, the number of Clauss products has continued to expand. For instance, in 2007 and 2008 sewing shears, utility knives, chef shears, hobby knives and titanium-bonded scissors and pruners were brought to market. The Clauss scissors and cutting tools now serve the floral, auto, textile, food processing and electronics industries as well as the industrial, hardware, sewing, sporting goods and do it yourself channels.


^ "Carroll Family > Biographical Sketch".  Retrieved on June 28, 2009.

^ a b c "Great Men Of America". The Bryan Times.,4818587.  Retrieved on July 2, 2009.

^ a b c "Firms aim to regain cutting edge".  Retrieved on July 1, 2009.

^ "Carroll Family > Biographical Sketch".  Retrieved on June 28, 2009.

^ a b "Historic American Engineering Record". U. S. Department of the Interior.  Retrieved on July 4, 2009.

^ "Carroll Family > Biographical Sketch".  Retrieved on June 28, 2009.

^ a b "Clauss Cutlery Carves A Niche In Special Field". The Blade.,3327123.  Retrieved on June 30, 2009.

^ "Acme United Corporation Acquires Clauss Cutlery Assets". Business Wire.  Retrieved on June 28, 2009.

^ "Acme United > 10-K".  Retrieved on June 28, 2009.

External links

Zwilling J.A. Henckels website

Alco Industries Inc. Company Website

Acme United Corp. Company Website

Categories: Knife manufacturing companies | Scissors
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This article was published on 2011/01/13